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Miami MetroZoo (June 1, 2008) Guanaco (Lama guanicoe) Guanacos are related to camels, as are vicuñas, llamas, and alpacas - but they live in South America, while camels are found in Africa and Asia. Guanacos and vicuñas are wild animals, but llamas and alpacas have been domesticated, like cats and dogs, and were probably bred from guanacos. When a female guanaco gives birth, her newborn, known as a chulengo, is able to walk immediately. Chulengos can keep up with the herd right away. Guanacos live on land high in the Andes mountains—up to 13,000 feet (3,962 meters) above sea level—as well as on the lower plateaus, plains, and coastlines of Peru, Chile, and Argentina. Throughout their range, guanacos occupy lands that tend to be very dry. Guanacos were once overhunted for their thick, warm wool. Now they thrive in areas protected by law; however, it is an endangered species.

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